Different types of mice certainly have different characteristics, such as deer mouse vs house mouse. House Mouse is the type of mouse that we often encounter in the house. While the Deer Mouse is one of the rarest types of mice.
Deer Mouse is a mouse that looks like a deer. But for the size of his body remains small, as well as the House Mouse. Their small size and lack of horns, fangs, or other means of personal protection make rats an easy target for predators in the wild.
Therefore, they become shy and wary animals. Even some species become nocturnal to survive. They usually live alone and will meet each other during the breeding season. But of course, deer mouse vs house mouse have their own unique habits.
Some Unique Characteristics of Deer Mouse
When you see it, at first glance you think this animal is like a mixture of rats and deer. This unique animal is called the humpback, or in English, it is called the chevrotain and the Deer Mouse. Although similar to rats and deer, the humpbacks are not in the same family as them.
Animals with small body sizes have silvery fur on the head to the forelegs. Very much like a little deer. However, the fur on other parts of the body from the back to the hind legs is similar to that of a forest mouse.
The Deer Mouse is one of the most primitive ruminants. They are closely related to deer but belong to the type of mouse. Deer mouse vs house mouse is grouped into a different families. The humpback is a common name for animals in the Tragulidae family.
At first glance, these animals resemble a mixture of mice and deer. No wonder they are also commonly called mouse deer. Hummingbirds are closely related to deer but do not include deer. They have their own family consisting of three genera and ten species.
Although the Deer Mouse is divided into three distinct genera, they appear to be similar to each other. The three genera are Hyemochus, Moschiola, and Tragulus. While several other species that are still considered mysterious are grouped by scientists in the genus Moschiola.
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Deer Mouse Is The Most Primitive Modern Ruminant
The University of Edinburgh’s Museum of Natural History Collection calls the ruminant the most primitive ruminant. This is because they have ancient features such as one of the stomach’s chambers that are not fully formed to digest plants. This animal also has no horns.
They have not undergone as many changes as common ruminants over millions of years. But despite having a small and adorable body shape, Deer Mouse has fangs. Deer mouse vs house mouse can be distinguished from the fangs.
Even though it is a ruminant animal, the deer mouse has fangs. The males usually have fangs that are longer and appear slightly sticking out of the upper mouth. These fangs are usually used for fighting. Unfortunately, these fangs cannot protect them from predators.
Deer Mouse is an animal that can breed continuously. Generally, female ducks will nurse their young until they are sexually mature for five to nine months. After that, the children began to live alone. In some species of humpback, females can mate again within hours of giving birth.
Despite having a small body, Deer Mouse can be aggressive when threatened. Male Deer Mouse can tap their feet four to seven times a second. This technique they use to ward off predators or alert their friends to impending danger.
How to Recognize House Mouse from Others
Three species of rats are most commonly found and disturb your home, namely the sewer rat, roof rat, and the house mouse. The sewer rat in Latin is Rattus norvegicus, often known as the Norwegian Rat. The Roof Rat is known as Rattus rattus.
The house rat that you often encounter has the Latin name Mus domesticus. The house rat has several subspecies that are common in different parts of the world and are known as separate species. However, in appearance, almost all species of house mice are almost indistinguishable from one another.
All mice have the common feature of a pair of incisors in the upper jaw. They tend to have short legs and long tails, but if you take a closer look at their body characteristics and living habits, you can easily identify the differences between the two.
The easiest way to identify deer mouse vs house mouse is by looking at its size. Generally, house mice measuring 3 – 10 cm. However, house mice are often confused with roof mice or young sewer mice.
Adult house rats can be distinguished from young roof rats by the size of their larger ears and tails that are longer in comparison to body length than roof rats. A young roof rat also has legs and a head that is clearly larger than the body of a house mouse.
How to Eat and Habitat of the House Mouse
House mice are usually gray or light brown in color with a lighter shade on their belly. House mice have smaller footprints than other mice. In general, rats are omnivores, and these three types of rats like cereals or grain-based foods.
But of course, some types of mice have their own food preferences. Prefers cereals and other types of flour or wheat-based foods, such as bread. When eating seeds, they will peel the outer skin of the grain to be able to eat the white endosperm content inside.
House mice tend to forage for food in the same place and they don’t need to drink water but will drink about 3ml is enough. The house mouse live well both in the home and in the wild. They can survive well in and outside the environment.
The house mouse usually lives on the ground and nests in burrows. Also, it is agile and can climb. In severe attacks, fat from the body combined with feces and urine can form small pillars. Deer mouse vs house mouse both can live equally well in various places.